Avoid looking and sounding foolish when trying to convey your interior decorating ideas and designs. Knowing the seven interior design elements will give you a deeper understanding of how to express them and how they depend on one another.

The elements of interior design work together to create a visual presentation

asidga.org gathered essential information to help you better comprehend the seven interior design elements and how they can be applied to your projects.

What are the Elements of Interior Design

The 7 principal elements of design include space, line, form, light, color, texture, and pattern. A balance of these elements is crucial to every interior design project. Consider the following:

1. The Element of “Space”

Space refers to the distance between and around objects, walls, furniture, and their proportions within a room. Finding the most agreeable balance within a room relies heavily on using both ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ space correctly.

Tip: Positive space is where the physical objects are, and the negative space is the empty space surrounding everything else. This empty space is typically used to highlight or showcase whatever is positioned next to it.

2. The Element of “Line”

The elements of interior design include line

Line in interior design is the heart of form. Its characteristics comprise straight, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, and curved forms and define the shape and volume of space.

Tip: Lines are everywhere in design. They are used to divide space, direct the user’s eye, create flow, create emphasis, and organize all design elements into form. Generally, we don’t think about lines that much, but we make use of them quite often to visually communicate our objective to the user.

3. The Element of “Form”

Form refers to the shapes of a room in general. It could be the shape of the entire space, the furniture, décor, and even the light fittings. There are two types; geometric and natural. Geometric forms are man-made, such as furniture.

Tip: Adding forms of similar shapes can create harmony and balance, while adding too many different shapes can have a confusing result. A space is typically more pleasing if the dominant form is repeated in minor objects throughout the room.

4. The Element of “Light”

The elements of interior design include using light to highlight features and designs

The use of lighting can add to or subtract from the overall colors of a room or from only those surfaces the light is meant to enhance. Darker colors make a room feel smaller and cramped, while light-colored walls do the opposite. The illusion of space is defined by light reflected off of the walls’ surfaces.

Tip: Lighting adds interest and drama to your interior, intensifying and highlighting the effect and mood you want to create.

5. The Element of “Color”

Color, along with light, is considered by many to be one of the critical elements of interior design. It is used to create aesthetically pleasing combinations and also works on a psychological level.

Tip: The carefully considered use of color can unify furnishings and finishes to produce a cohesive and pleasing result.

6. The Element of “Texture”

Texture is the way a surface feels or the way it’s perceived to feel. It has the power to attract or detract a viewer’s eyes and can be applied to lines, shapes, and forms.

Tip: Texture can help you express “temperature,” like smooth and shiny textures which reflect more light and give a cool impression; soft, raised textures, which absorb more light, convey a sense of warmth.

7. The Element of “Pattern”

The elements of interior design use patterns to create a seamless visual presentation

A pattern is a collection of lines and forms, making it a part of the “line” family of elements along with form. Like shapes, patterns accentuate a specific part of your interior like stairs, walls, the floor, the ceiling, etc.

Tip: Pattern is defined as a repeating element or design that produces apparent directional movements.

Elements and Principles of Interior Design

Interior designers manipulate the elements and principles of design for different effects. For example, they want to express stability, they design with symmetrical balance. They include asymmetrical elements if they want to break up a room’s monotony and make it more dynamic. The principles of design include:

Tip: Design principles help and allow you to create easy-to-use, pleasurable designs. You apply them when you select, create, and organize elements and features in your work. 

Interior Design Elements

In this article, you discovered definitions and explanations of the seven elements of interior design, how they are used in a room, and how they interact with each other to produce a finished product.

Knowing interior design elements, how to combine them, and how to express their purpose will help you design spaces according to the themes and ambiance your clients want in their rooms.

When you don’t fully comprehend the tools and verbiage of interior design, you risk appearing naive and inexperienced when trying to develop or explain an interior design project.

Sources:
extension.iastate.edu/4hfiles/statefair/EEHandbook/EEHJPDesign4H634.pdf
takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-practices/healing-environment/are-there-design-rules-follow
file:///Users/owner/Downloads/4H492.pdf
www2.hawaii.edu/~meidor/art_101/elements_of_design.html

Stop having the same decor year-round. Knowing how to decorate for the fun and exciting summer months will help keep your and your loved one’s moods and attitudes bright and cheery.

Summer decorating ideas include using fresh flowers and natural light

asidga.org gathered information and tips on how to decorate your home for the warm and exciting summer months.

How do you decorate for summer?

Summer is well-represented by fresh flowers, bright colors, warmth, and sunshine. Make your home look like a summer-inspired space with bold and bright hues; a yellow backdrop with some outdoor-style summer decor, white furniture, and lush, thriving plants will brighten up your home this summer. Consider the following:

Flowers – Whether you pick them from your garden, buy them at the flower shop, or grow them in your home, flower arrangements can lighten up any space with bright colors and inviting aromas.

Tip: Hanging, potted plants are helpful in bringing even the most modern and streamlined spaces to life with vibrant color and grace.

Plant an Indoor Garden – Bring the outdoors indoors to heighten the summer spirit. Use stylish planters for fast-growing herbs, spices, leafy greens, and small vegetables.

Summer decorating ideas include planting an indoor garden

Note: An indoor garden not only adds life to your space, but it also repeatedly provides an edible harvest throughout the year.

Tip: Because of typically low-light levels indoors, maintaining healthy plants can be a challenge. Use a combination of internal and natural lighting to help your plants thrive.

Color – There’s no need to turn your space into a piece of modern art, but a strategic accent wall or lighter colored paint job can boost the mood in your home while capturing more light in the process.

Consider white, cream, tan, yellow, orange, and pink shades when coming up with a summer theme or repainting your space to reflect a lighter atmosphere and tone.

Pictures – Move the stuffy formal family portraits to a more private location and put up summer-themed or vacation-themed pictures.

Tip: Invest in a few digital frames that can display a series of pictures from your last road trip, vacation, or family gathering as a slideshow.

Candles – Use scented candles with a citrus, fresh linen, or fruit aroma to balance the “feel” of a room.

Rethink the Coffee Table – A coffee table is always a principal attraction in a living room, so it should always look fresh and in season. For summer decor, select the following:

Tip: Everything on your coffee table should follow the seasonal theme and highlight the room’s color scheme.

New Furniture – For those with more of a budget to work with, consider investing in new, lighter, and more modern furniture.

Summer decorating ideas include using modern and bright furniture

Note: Nothing compares to a home that’s open and bright, giving off good vibes and filled with aromas that you’ll love walking into every day. New multifunctional furniture gives you the opportunity to change colors, styles, and sizes all at once.

Upholstery and Pillows – Another way to embrace a summer theme is to have your furniture reupholstered, covered, or adorned with summer-toned pillows. Consider the following themes:

Tip: When decorating on a budget, vibrant throws and pillows will help you create a maximum effect with minimal expense.

Rugs – You can immediately change the tone of a room by laying a highly contrasting rug in its center. It doesn’t matter if the room has carpeting, vinyl flooring, or hardwood, the light, summery colors will lighten the atmosphere.

Tables – Extension tables conveniently allow you to transform a dining room area into a comfortable family and friends gathering space. Choosing the right one depends on how often it will be used and how much physical space is available.

Sheer Curtains – The transparency of sheer curtains allows you to dress a window without limiting sunlight in the room. Sheer curtains display elegance while providing a light, breezy, and summery feel.

Summer decorating ideas include hanging sheer curtains

Tip: Sheer curtains fit perfectly in living room, bedroom, bathroom, and kitchen window decor.

Lighting – Even though it’s summer, the sun won’t stay up forever, and nighttime gives you the opportunity to show off your lighting skills.

Note: LED is a highly energy-efficient lighting technology, and using all LED lighting in your home can significantly reduce your energy usage throughout the year.

Summer Decorating

In this article, you discovered essential information and tips on decorating your home in a warm and bright summer theme.

Knowing how to decorate your home for the summer months will help you create a vibrant and more welcoming atmosphere for your invited friends and family.

Leaving your home decorated the same all the time can develop into a stale atmosphere, and quickly leave your home looking dated.

Sources:
nyiad.edu/design-articles/interior-design/nine-home-decor-tips-for-summer
energy.gov/energysaver/led-lighting
extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=B1318&title=Growing%20Indoor%20Plants%20with%20Success
scholar.lib.vt.edu/VA-news/ROA-Times/issues/1996/rt9603/960331/04040003.htm

Avoid fumbling the start of your career or taking longer than needed to get started. Knowing how to get into interior design will help you trace a successful path to a rewarding career.

Interior designers make decisions about space usage

asidga.org gathered information on what educational and work experience is required for you to become a licensed interior designer.

What is Interior Design?

Before doing anything else, you must have a clear concept of what interior design is. Interior design is space planning. It is also the layout and arrangement of spaces in homes, hotels, office buildings, restaurants, government facilities, and other businesses. Interior designers can have a wide range of clients, like real estate developers, corporate businesses, and homeowners. All due to the broad scope of the interior design occupation.

What Does an Interior Designer Do?

Interior designers may be expected to perform a variety of tasks daily. They may sketch room layouts, create a budget, or establish project timelines. An interior designer will also make a number of decisions about space, like:

Throughout a project, interior designers constantly communicate with their clients to ensure they are addressing their primary needs for safe, comfortable, and functional interiors.

While interior designers will spend the bulk of their days on project sites, self-employed interior designers will also dedicate considerable time and resources to networking and marketing. This can include creating and curating a website showcasing their work. Whether working for themselves or not, interior designers will often bid for projects, like large-scale commercial or industrial ones, by outlining a vision for the structure’s interior and the expenses associated with such interior design.

Needed Skills for Interior Design

Multiple skills are required for an interior designer

Interior designers require both “soft” and “hard” skills, and they should be proficient with multiple electronic and tactile design tools. Interior designers are creatives with a natural sense of aesthetics, colors, and textures.

Interior designers are also general managers who can oversee people, develop and follow budgets, and move projects along their timelines. Interior designers need to exhibit sharp interpersonal and communication skills to manage clients and projects.

Most interior designers specialize. Some will design only kitchens, while others work exclusively on restaurants. With this in mind, interior designers need to fully comprehend how specific spaces in different industries function. An interior designer working with a dining establishment will need to know the typical flow of a customer, attendant, server, and cook through the restaurant, including how food and beverages are prepared and served.

Associate or Bachelor’s Degree in Interior Design

To become a licensed interior designer, a bachelor’s degree is typically a minimum requirement. The degree can be in practically any field, but the coursework should include:

Interior designers must know how to read blueprints and cad printouts

It’s not necessary to go to a “design school.” There are interior design degree programs available at an associate’s, a bachelor’s, and a master’s level at the majority of colleges and universities. But it is critical to plan a course of study including a range of design classes.

Look for classes that cover a range of interior design topics. These may include:

Depending on what degree one pursues, the path to an interior design career may take two years, the time needed to secure an associate degree in interior design. If they choose to take the NCIDQ exam to become a certified designer, they will need at least three years of full-time work experience. With a bachelor’s degree, one would only need two years of experience to qualify for the exam.

Needed Tools and Software

Proficiency in computer-aided design (CAD) is a modern requirement. CAD allows interior designers to construct and present their ideas in 2D and 3D models with texture and color details. Augmented reality (AR) tools expand this capability, permitting an interior designer to apply changes and/or enhancements to an uploaded image directly.

Design tools aside, interior designers should have a good understanding of workflow and project management software. Those who own their business may have to utilize payroll applications and content-creation platforms.

National Council for Interior Design Qualification Exam (NCIDQ)

More than half of US states require licensure for interior designers. This includes passing the NCIDQ exam. NCIDQ is the most common interior design certification recognized in the United States and Canada as a benchmark for proficiency. To take the NCIDQ exam, you must first earn an associate, bachelor’s, or master’s degree and complete a certain number of hours of recognized work experience (depending on the level of education).

Comprising three parts; the Interior Design Fundamentals Exam (IDFX), the Interior Design Professional Exam (IDPX), and the NCIDQ exam cover subjects like:

Read more about the NCIDQ examination at cidq.org

Create Your Interior Design Portfolio

Anyone wanting to become an interior designer must build an interior design portfolio. If you’re just out of school and don’t have practical examples of paid client work, use your student work, internship experiences, non-client, and self-initiated work to help illustrate your design prowess.

Apply for Multiple Interior Design Jobs

Qualified interior designers should apply for multiple employment opportunities

Apply to multiple areas of interest, explore a variety of interior design jobs, and consider all opportunities. If something sounds interesting to you, apply for it. You never know the networking possibilities you’ll build by speaking with people at various design levels and firms.

How To Become an Interior Designer

In this article, you discovered what educational and practical experience will be necessary to become a licensed interior designer.

Acquiring the proper degree, gaining sufficient work experience, and passing the required exams will help you get a solid start to a stellar career in interior design.

Trying to be an interior designer without the required education level or experience will leave you without gainful or secure employment in the interior design field.

Sources:
newschoolarch.edu/blog/how-to-become-an-interior-designer/
asid.org/learn/ncidq-exam-prep
nyiad.edu/design-articles/interior-design/how-to-become-an-interior-designer
fidm.edu/en/news/Six+Skills+for+Becoming+an+Interior+Designer

Don’t be left behind with outdated design as the world moves forward and creates more functional interior spaces. Knowing how the global COVID-19 pandemic has modified the way people see interior design will help you remain relevant in the profession.

During the COVID19 pandemic the home office became more important and utilized

asidga.org gathered the following information about how the COVID-19 pandemic has reshaped interior design.

The COVID-19 Pandemic

In March of 2020, world markets, cultures, and nations came to a grinding halt with lockdowns, mask mandates, social distancing, and travel restrictions. Significant culture changes happened in the workplace and school systems; working and learning from home became the new model that kept businesses afloat, children studying, and entire populations health conscious. As the world changed, so did interior design, and here’s how:

Working from Home

The concept of working from home has forced us to reconsider the notion of housing as mere “shelter.” People are investing more and more in their personal (home) space to have more comfortable, flexible, and specialized zones for specific household activities and routines, ranging from work to school or recreation time with kids.

People have abruptly realized that they need to build out specific zones for these activities, and some figured out their home isn’t adequate for that, whether it’s just physical space or something more nuanced.

With workforces slowly returning to the workplace, business models in companies worldwide have adopted a hybrid work model, and interior design has had to absorb the reality that remote work and study are here to stay.

Homeowners are now dedicating spaces to their work hours and installing them more reminiscent of their “traditional office” so they can still leave the workday behind at the shift’s end.

Another interior design modification is the installation of a pleasing aesthetic background for Zoom calls and virtual meetings. Lighting, attractive artwork, plants, and no clutter are all components people are considering when designing and decorating a video call space.

The “Spare” Room

Spare room converted into a crafting room

Considered a luxury in pre-pandemic times, the spare room wasn’t given much thought or consideration. However, once we were obliged to stay home, attics, garages, dining rooms, and spare bedrooms took on a whole new meaning as they were quickly converted into new spaces, like home offices, craft rooms, and study centers.

The home gym has become a more prominent addition due to social distancing and is now a highly desired space since people want to continue their workout/health journey in the comfort of their own home.

Outdoor Living Space

Accommodating guests and visiting family has taken a new form as these groups are moving outside. Fresh air and a gentle breeze just feel safer amidst the paranoia of the pandemic. Subsequently, yard spaces are being occupied with larger decks and patios.

This newfound affection for the outdoors has changed how these spaces are designed and set up. Tables, chairs, sofas, fireplaces, entertainment centers, even plumbing installations, etc., are being included to offer a feel of extension vs. separation.

Entryways, Foyers, and Mudrooms

Entryways help maintain a clean and sanitary home

Entryways, foyers, and mudrooms are receiving extra attention as people become more conscious of maintaining sanitary or clean areas and pronounced divisions between outdoor and indoor spaces. 

These spaces allow one to enter a home, take off their scarves, coats, and shoes, and wash their hands. These spaces are nothing new, but their design is developing to make them much more functional. The formerly awkward request for a guest to remove their shoes or wash their hands is quickly becoming the accepted norm in household etiquette.

Vacation Inspiration

With travel and vacation plans still largely on hold, homeowners are looking for creative ways to make their homes feel more like a spa, prioritizing retreat-like bathrooms and areas for relaxation that get their tone from hospitality design.

Separation by Partition

With our daily lives spent mostly at home, the necessity of designing separate spaces for different activities has yielded the supercharged desire for open floor plans. Curtains, screen walls, partitions, and other eclectic dividers help isolate spaces for their intended use.

Reshaped Interior Design Concepts

In this article, you discovered how the global pandemic has caused interior designers to adapt their concepts of interior and exterior space utilization.

Knowing how interior design has adapted to a world spending significantly more time at home will help you remain current in the interior design field and aid you in delivering the appropriate spaces your clients desire.

Ignoring pandemic-influenced interior design modifications will leave you struggling to comprehend the new needs and required flexibilities of the modern home.

Sources:
news.vcu.edu/article/Shrunken_worlds_reconfigured_spaces_How_the_pandemic_is_altering
design.lsu.edu/interior-design-pandemic/
news.fiu.edu/2020/home-design-in-the-age-of-social-distancing
forbes.com/sites/forbestechcouncil/2021/12/03/three-ways-covid-19-has-affected-the-interior-design-market/

What is Interior Design

Before you use or open a space to the public, avoid the embarrassment of poorly arranged interior space and design. Knowing why interior design is so important will help you work with your interior designers to create a flowing and functional space.

Interior design enhances a structures space to create a more healthy and functional environment

asidga.org gathered the following information about interior design, interior designers, and the essential work they do.

Interior Design

Interior design can be described as the art and science of enhancing a building’s interior to achieve a healthier and more pleasing environment for people using that space. An interior designer is someone who plans, researches, coordinates, and delivers enhancement projects.

Interior design enhances a structures space to accommodate its users

Interior design is centered on how we experience spaces. It’s an influential and essential part of our daily lives and profoundly affects how we live, work, play, and heal. Comfortable and practical homes, functional and safety-conscious workplaces, and beautiful, inviting public spaces all owe their subtle and sometimes pronounced design to an interior designer.

Interior designers create spaces that anticipate our wants and needs and appeal to our senses while relying on a broad set of skills and technical know-how. Today’s top-tier interior designers work closely with contractors, architects, engineers, furniture dealers, and businesses and homeowners.

Interior Designer

Interior designers make indoor spaces highly functional, safe, and esthetically beautiful by determining space dimensions and requirements then selecting essential and decorative items that serve the space and its occupants best.

Interior design enhances a structures space to create a more relaxing stress free and functional environment

Are Interior Designers and Interior Decorators the Same?

No. The principal difference between decorators and designers is education. To become an interior decorator, you do not need any level of education or training. If you enjoy combining colors, fabrics, and furniture, print your business cards and proclaim yourself an interior decorator.

When becoming an interior designer, you will likely be required to earn an associate or bachelor’s degree from an accredited educational institution or interior design school before you are permitted to work in the interior design field. An interior designer designs and creates functional living and working spaces, lounge areas, and any other space people may require. These spaces may be located in homes and apartments, offices, theaters, hospitals, and more.

The following milestones and achievements are required for someone to use the title and act as an interior designer:

1. Earn an Associate or Bachelor’s Degree in Interior Design – If you are a creative person or have some sort of artistic ability and someone who is particularly intrigued by interior design, an associate’s degree program might be the perfect way to learn the fundamentals. From here, you can continue your education if you decide an interior design career is the career path you want to take.

Earning a bachelor’s degree will take things a step further and make you a more well-rounded interior designer. You’ll learn more about the aesthetic, technical, and business skills you need to thrive in the field. A bachelor’s degree program will build on the skills you would have learned in an associate’s program.

2. (If Required in Your Area) Get an Interior Design License by Passing the National Council for Interior Design Qualification Exam – NCIDQ Certification is the industry’s premier indicator of proficiency in interior design principles and a designer’s unwavering commitment to the profession.

For further information on NCIDQ testing and certification, visit cidq.org

3. You Need Experience – Becoming a master interior decorator will require you to hone your skills over time and through practical experience. Using your own home to practice on, then onto the homes of friends and relatives provide opportunities to make and learn from mistakes while improving your skills.

Becoming an interior designer requires hard work apprenticeship and practice

Apprenticing under an expert designer is a superb option for gaining practical experience. The guidance and supervision of a seasoned professional is an ideal way to learn and improve your skillset.

4. Build Your Portfolio – Making your skills attractive to potential clients is done by building a strong portfolio. Take high-quality photographs of all of your work and arrange them on your website, in a digital presentation, and in an old-school printed book (leaving something in your prospective client’s hands is a powerful way to declare your skills and value).

This demonstrates what you’re capable of and presents you as a well-organized professional. Some of your projects should be shown from sketch to project completion, providing insight into your work process.

Secure an Interior Design Job Or Go to Work for Yourself – As an employed or independent interior designer, you will have the opportunity to specialize in a particular design field, whether residential, commercial, environmental interior design, and many others.

Professional Interior Design

In this article, you discovered what interior design consists of, what interior designers do, and the immeasurable role interior design plays in our everyday lives.

Understanding the role interior design plays in nearly every space and environment where you live, and work will help you appreciate the ingenuity and talent of interior designers.

Remaining oblivious to the details and structure of a well-designed space prevents you from taking advantage of the often ingenious amenities it has to offer.

Sources:
nysid.edu/academics/what-is-interior-design
bls.gov/ooh/arts-and-design/interior-designers.htm
newschoolarch.edu/blog/how-to-become-an-interior-designer/

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