Avoid looking and sounding foolish when trying to convey your interior decorating ideas and designs. Knowing the seven interior design elements will give you a deeper understanding of how to express them and how they depend on one another.

The elements of interior design work together to create a visual presentation

asidga.org gathered essential information to help you better comprehend the seven interior design elements and how they can be applied to your projects.

What are the Elements of Interior Design

The 7 principal elements of design include space, line, form, light, color, texture, and pattern. A balance of these elements is crucial to every interior design project. Consider the following:

1. The Element of “Space”

Space refers to the distance between and around objects, walls, furniture, and their proportions within a room. Finding the most agreeable balance within a room relies heavily on using both ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ space correctly.

Tip: Positive space is where the physical objects are, and the negative space is the empty space surrounding everything else. This empty space is typically used to highlight or showcase whatever is positioned next to it.

2. The Element of “Line”

The elements of interior design include line

Line in interior design is the heart of form. Its characteristics comprise straight, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, and curved forms and define the shape and volume of space.

Tip: Lines are everywhere in design. They are used to divide space, direct the user’s eye, create flow, create emphasis, and organize all design elements into form. Generally, we don’t think about lines that much, but we make use of them quite often to visually communicate our objective to the user.

3. The Element of “Form”

Form refers to the shapes of a room in general. It could be the shape of the entire space, the furniture, décor, and even the light fittings. There are two types; geometric and natural. Geometric forms are man-made, such as furniture.

Tip: Adding forms of similar shapes can create harmony and balance, while adding too many different shapes can have a confusing result. A space is typically more pleasing if the dominant form is repeated in minor objects throughout the room.

4. The Element of “Light”

The elements of interior design include using light to highlight features and designs

The use of lighting can add to or subtract from the overall colors of a room or from only those surfaces the light is meant to enhance. Darker colors make a room feel smaller and cramped, while light-colored walls do the opposite. The illusion of space is defined by light reflected off of the walls’ surfaces.

Tip: Lighting adds interest and drama to your interior, intensifying and highlighting the effect and mood you want to create.

5. The Element of “Color”

Color, along with light, is considered by many to be one of the critical elements of interior design. It is used to create aesthetically pleasing combinations and also works on a psychological level.

Tip: The carefully considered use of color can unify furnishings and finishes to produce a cohesive and pleasing result.

6. The Element of “Texture”

Texture is the way a surface feels or the way it’s perceived to feel. It has the power to attract or detract a viewer’s eyes and can be applied to lines, shapes, and forms.

Tip: Texture can help you express “temperature,” like smooth and shiny textures which reflect more light and give a cool impression; soft, raised textures, which absorb more light, convey a sense of warmth.

7. The Element of “Pattern”

The elements of interior design use patterns to create a seamless visual presentation

A pattern is a collection of lines and forms, making it a part of the “line” family of elements along with form. Like shapes, patterns accentuate a specific part of your interior like stairs, walls, the floor, the ceiling, etc.

Tip: Pattern is defined as a repeating element or design that produces apparent directional movements.

Elements and Principles of Interior Design

Interior designers manipulate the elements and principles of design for different effects. For example, they want to express stability, they design with symmetrical balance. They include asymmetrical elements if they want to break up a room’s monotony and make it more dynamic. The principles of design include:

Tip: Design principles help and allow you to create easy-to-use, pleasurable designs. You apply them when you select, create, and organize elements and features in your work. 

Interior Design Elements

In this article, you discovered definitions and explanations of the seven elements of interior design, how they are used in a room, and how they interact with each other to produce a finished product.

Knowing interior design elements, how to combine them, and how to express their purpose will help you design spaces according to the themes and ambiance your clients want in their rooms.

When you don’t fully comprehend the tools and verbiage of interior design, you risk appearing naive and inexperienced when trying to develop or explain an interior design project.


Stop having the same decor year-round. Knowing how to decorate for the fun and exciting summer months will help keep your and your loved one’s moods and attitudes bright and cheery.

Summer decorating ideas include using fresh flowers and natural light

asidga.org gathered information and tips on how to decorate your home for the warm and exciting summer months.

How do you decorate for summer?

Summer is well-represented by fresh flowers, bright colors, warmth, and sunshine. Make your home look like a summer-inspired space with bold and bright hues; a yellow backdrop with some outdoor-style summer decor, white furniture, and lush, thriving plants will brighten up your home this summer. Consider the following:

Flowers – Whether you pick them from your garden, buy them at the flower shop, or grow them in your home, flower arrangements can lighten up any space with bright colors and inviting aromas.

Tip: Hanging, potted plants are helpful in bringing even the most modern and streamlined spaces to life with vibrant color and grace.

Plant an Indoor Garden – Bring the outdoors indoors to heighten the summer spirit. Use stylish planters for fast-growing herbs, spices, leafy greens, and small vegetables.

Summer decorating ideas include planting an indoor garden

Note: An indoor garden not only adds life to your space, but it also repeatedly provides an edible harvest throughout the year.

Tip: Because of typically low-light levels indoors, maintaining healthy plants can be a challenge. Use a combination of internal and natural lighting to help your plants thrive.

Color – There’s no need to turn your space into a piece of modern art, but a strategic accent wall or lighter colored paint job can boost the mood in your home while capturing more light in the process.

Consider white, cream, tan, yellow, orange, and pink shades when coming up with a summer theme or repainting your space to reflect a lighter atmosphere and tone.

Pictures – Move the stuffy formal family portraits to a more private location and put up summer-themed or vacation-themed pictures.

Tip: Invest in a few digital frames that can display a series of pictures from your last road trip, vacation, or family gathering as a slideshow.

Candles – Use scented candles with a citrus, fresh linen, or fruit aroma to balance the “feel” of a room.

Rethink the Coffee Table – A coffee table is always a principal attraction in a living room, so it should always look fresh and in season. For summer decor, select the following:

Tip: Everything on your coffee table should follow the seasonal theme and highlight the room’s color scheme.

New Furniture – For those with more of a budget to work with, consider investing in new, lighter, and more modern furniture.

Summer decorating ideas include using modern and bright furniture

Note: Nothing compares to a home that’s open and bright, giving off good vibes and filled with aromas that you’ll love walking into every day. New multifunctional furniture gives you the opportunity to change colors, styles, and sizes all at once.

Upholstery and Pillows – Another way to embrace a summer theme is to have your furniture reupholstered, covered, or adorned with summer-toned pillows. Consider the following themes:

Tip: When decorating on a budget, vibrant throws and pillows will help you create a maximum effect with minimal expense.

Rugs – You can immediately change the tone of a room by laying a highly contrasting rug in its center. It doesn’t matter if the room has carpeting, vinyl flooring, or hardwood, the light, summery colors will lighten the atmosphere.

Tables – Extension tables conveniently allow you to transform a dining room area into a comfortable family and friends gathering space. Choosing the right one depends on how often it will be used and how much physical space is available.

Sheer Curtains – The transparency of sheer curtains allows you to dress a window without limiting sunlight in the room. Sheer curtains display elegance while providing a light, breezy, and summery feel.

Summer decorating ideas include hanging sheer curtains

Tip: Sheer curtains fit perfectly in living room, bedroom, bathroom, and kitchen window decor.

Lighting – Even though it’s summer, the sun won’t stay up forever, and nighttime gives you the opportunity to show off your lighting skills.

Note: LED is a highly energy-efficient lighting technology, and using all LED lighting in your home can significantly reduce your energy usage throughout the year.

Summer Decorating

In this article, you discovered essential information and tips on decorating your home in a warm and bright summer theme.

Knowing how to decorate your home for the summer months will help you create a vibrant and more welcoming atmosphere for your invited friends and family.

Leaving your home decorated the same all the time can develop into a stale atmosphere, and quickly leave your home looking dated.


Avoid fumbling the start of your career or taking longer than needed to get started. Knowing how to get into interior design will help you trace a successful path to a rewarding career.

Interior designers make decisions about space usage

asidga.org gathered information on what educational and work experience is required for you to become a licensed interior designer.

What is Interior Design?

Before doing anything else, you must have a clear concept of what interior design is. Interior design is space planning. It is also the layout and arrangement of spaces in homes, hotels, office buildings, restaurants, government facilities, and other businesses. Interior designers can have a wide range of clients, like real estate developers, corporate businesses, and homeowners. All due to the broad scope of the interior design occupation.

What Does an Interior Designer Do?

Interior designers may be expected to perform a variety of tasks daily. They may sketch room layouts, create a budget, or establish project timelines. An interior designer will also make a number of decisions about space, like:

Throughout a project, interior designers constantly communicate with their clients to ensure they are addressing their primary needs for safe, comfortable, and functional interiors.

While interior designers will spend the bulk of their days on project sites, self-employed interior designers will also dedicate considerable time and resources to networking and marketing. This can include creating and curating a website showcasing their work. Whether working for themselves or not, interior designers will often bid for projects, like large-scale commercial or industrial ones, by outlining a vision for the structure’s interior and the expenses associated with such interior design.

Needed Skills for Interior Design

Multiple skills are required for an interior designer

Interior designers require both “soft” and “hard” skills, and they should be proficient with multiple electronic and tactile design tools. Interior designers are creatives with a natural sense of aesthetics, colors, and textures.

Interior designers are also general managers who can oversee people, develop and follow budgets, and move projects along their timelines. Interior designers need to exhibit sharp interpersonal and communication skills to manage clients and projects.

Most interior designers specialize. Some will design only kitchens, while others work exclusively on restaurants. With this in mind, interior designers need to fully comprehend how specific spaces in different industries function. An interior designer working with a dining establishment will need to know the typical flow of a customer, attendant, server, and cook through the restaurant, including how food and beverages are prepared and served.

Associate or Bachelor’s Degree in Interior Design

To become a licensed interior designer, a bachelor’s degree is typically a minimum requirement. The degree can be in practically any field, but the coursework should include:

Interior designers must know how to read blueprints and cad printouts

It’s not necessary to go to a “design school.” There are interior design degree programs available at an associate’s, a bachelor’s, and a master’s level at the majority of colleges and universities. But it is critical to plan a course of study including a range of design classes.

Look for classes that cover a range of interior design topics. These may include:

Depending on what degree one pursues, the path to an interior design career may take two years, the time needed to secure an associate degree in interior design. If they choose to take the NCIDQ exam to become a certified designer, they will need at least three years of full-time work experience. With a bachelor’s degree, one would only need two years of experience to qualify for the exam.

Needed Tools and Software

Proficiency in computer-aided design (CAD) is a modern requirement. CAD allows interior designers to construct and present their ideas in 2D and 3D models with texture and color details. Augmented reality (AR) tools expand this capability, permitting an interior designer to apply changes and/or enhancements to an uploaded image directly.

Design tools aside, interior designers should have a good understanding of workflow and project management software. Those who own their business may have to utilize payroll applications and content-creation platforms.

National Council for Interior Design Qualification Exam (NCIDQ)

More than half of US states require licensure for interior designers. This includes passing the NCIDQ exam. NCIDQ is the most common interior design certification recognized in the United States and Canada as a benchmark for proficiency. To take the NCIDQ exam, you must first earn an associate, bachelor’s, or master’s degree and complete a certain number of hours of recognized work experience (depending on the level of education).

Comprising three parts; the Interior Design Fundamentals Exam (IDFX), the Interior Design Professional Exam (IDPX), and the NCIDQ exam cover subjects like:

Read more about the NCIDQ examination at cidq.org

Create Your Interior Design Portfolio

Anyone wanting to become an interior designer must build an interior design portfolio. If you’re just out of school and don’t have practical examples of paid client work, use your student work, internship experiences, non-client, and self-initiated work to help illustrate your design prowess.

Apply for Multiple Interior Design Jobs

Qualified interior designers should apply for multiple employment opportunities

Apply to multiple areas of interest, explore a variety of interior design jobs, and consider all opportunities. If something sounds interesting to you, apply for it. You never know the networking possibilities you’ll build by speaking with people at various design levels and firms.

How To Become an Interior Designer

In this article, you discovered what educational and practical experience will be necessary to become a licensed interior designer.

Acquiring the proper degree, gaining sufficient work experience, and passing the required exams will help you get a solid start to a stellar career in interior design.

Trying to be an interior designer without the required education level or experience will leave you without gainful or secure employment in the interior design field.


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